The Financial Action Task Force has introduced changes to its anti-money laundering and terrorism financing rules covering digital currency-related firms
Mastercard and VISA have allegedly deemed crypto and ICO’s to be ‘high risk’. Is it true and, if yes, what would that mean?
The UK-based industry body RFI Foundation to develop a blockchain tool to track firms’ sustainable commitments and identify those who do not comply with ethical credentials
Zebpay is reportedly expanding its global presence after suspending cryptocurrency trading operations in India due to the banking ban imposed by the country’s central bank. According to information on its website, an entity has been set up to operate the Zebpay exchange in Malta to serve 20 countries.
Malta-registered Exchange Serving 20 Countries
Cryptocurrency service provider Zebpay has posted information on its website regarding its overseas operations but has yet to make any announcements about them.
Indiabits, a community of blockchain enthusiasts, tweeted on Friday about Zebpay’s two overseas entities: one in Singapore and one in Malta. “Zebpay is going global,” the group wrote, adding that “Zebpay will provide cryptocurrency exchange and OTC services to 20 countries in Europe.”
Awlencan Innovations Malta Limited (C-88318), a Maltese registered company with office address situated at: 48, Triq Stella Maris, Sliema, SLM 1765, Malta, which owns and operates the ‘Zebpay’ VFA [virtual financial assets] exchange platform in Malta.
The page also provides a list of 20 countries which Zebpay offers its services to. They are Malta, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, and Sweden.
For know-your-customer (KYC) purposes, Zebpay explained that each client can only have one account. “Multiple accounts with same KYC documentation is not eligible for registration of additional accounts,” the firm added, noting:
Zebpay provides the platform to match the orders, and prices are therefore set by the market-forces of supply and demand.
Zebpay was one of India’s largest cryptocurrency exchanges. However, its exchange activities in India were shut down at the end of September due to the cryptocurrency banking ban imposed by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI). The ban went into effect in July and a number of petitions have been filed against it. The country’s supreme court has been trying to hear them but the case keeps being postponed.
Growing Global Presence
Awlencan Innovations Pte. Ltd. is a Singapore-based blockchain technology company established in May, soon after the RBI issued its circular in April which banned financial institutions under its control from providing services to crypto businesses.
In addition, Awlencan Innovations India Ltd. was registered on Sept. 28, the day Zebpay suspended its exchange activities. According to reports, there are 3 directors listed for this company. One is Kailash Atmaram Singhal who is also listed as a director of Zeb It Service Ltd., which operated the Zebpay exchange in India.
What do you think of Zebpay setting up operations overseas after shutting down exchange activities in India? Let us know in the comments section below.
Images courtesy of Shutterstock and Zebpay.
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Coinbase has opened a new office in tech-friendly Dublin, which will serve as a “plan B” for when the U.K. leaves the European Union
The ESMA is assessing ICOs to see how they comply with the existing securities regulations on a “case-by-case” basis
The British telecoms regulator has received a £700,000 grant to explore how blockchain technology can improve telephone number management
The global cryptocurrency payment service provider, Bitpay, has announced the company’s loadable cryptocurrency debit card services will no longer work for European customers later this month. Bitpay has emailed all of its European card holding customers and revealed it is in the midst of sunsetting all Bitpay accounts related to the Wave Crest-issued Bitpay card.
Bitpay Is Phasing out Debit Services for European Cardholders
Eight months ago news.Bitcoin.com reported on a slew of cryptocurrency debit cards forced to shut down services because of issues tied to the bank Wave Crest-Holdings. Many crypto-cards had to stop debit card operations because the issuer Wave Crest had its license from Visa revoked. Because of the banking issues, this week the cryptocurrency payment processor Bitpay has revealed that it is phasing out its Wave Crest-issued Bitpay card and associated services.
“As you know, your Bitpay card’s issuer Wave Crest Holdings Ltd. stopped providing service for your Bitpay Card as of October 2017 or January 2018,” explains the Atlanta-based firm.
We are now working to sunset Bitpay accounts related to the Wave Crest-issued Bitpay card — In 30 days, we will be turning off access to your Bitpay card dashboard. If you need to store your card’s transaction data for any purpose, please export your transaction data before your card dashboard access ends on Wednesday, October 31st, 2018.
The Need for More Crypto-to-Debit or Something That Bypasses the Traditional Frictions Associated With Fiat
European Bitpay card users will need to use another card provider if they haven’t already switched over the last six months. At the moment residents from that area can use popular crypto-card issuers such as Revolut, and Wirex for their crypto-to-debit needs. Moreover, there are a few new crypto-to-debit card startups entering the space that plan to provide these services for European customers.
The advent of crypto-debit cards has made it easier for digital asset enthusiasts to spend their coins but the system is still tethered to the traditional financial network. In many ways, the model is still dealing with a fiat exchange and trading those coins for the user’s purchases. Additionally, former Bitpay cardholder can access a guide to extracting a comma-separated value (CSV) files that contain all of the user’s transactions for record keeping and tax purposes.
What do you think about the Bitpay card no longer servicing European countries? What cards do you know of work good in the region? Let us know your thoughts about this subject in the comments section below.
Images via Pixabay, the Bitpay Card, and Shutterstock.
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Crypto and blockchain enthusiasts have been railing for years against the centralized world of banks, but many have been doing so from the privileged vantage point of developed countries. But what if blockchain technology turned out to be most revolutionary in emerging economies?
Take Africa for instance. Consumers in those countries became so frustrated with the banking fees imposed on their transactions every time the wanted to merely top up their mobile airtime, that airtime minutes alone actually became a form of money. Banking in the way it’s been developed for the developed world simply does not work when a transaction to top up a phone can cost more than the airtime itself.
South African-based startup Wala realised this early on. It had developed a smartphone app which acted like a wallet, facilitating customer transactions via the app with existing banking infrastructure. But the high banking fees for nearly every function was hurting Wala’s customer base and the company’s early business model as a mobile wallet for the smartphone generation.
They needed a Zero-fee solution, but the existing financial system just didn’t work. That’s when they realized they could switch to a cryptocurrency and allow payments across a peer-to-peer network for merchants, offering airtime, data, electricity bills – even the ability to pay school fees.
Today Wala, which raised $1.2 million selling ethereum-based “$DALA” tokens in an initial coin offering (ICO) in December last year, is facilitating thousands of transactions in daily accounts across Uganda, Zimbabwe and South Africa, with most of those are micropayments under $1.
Since the launch of their $DALA currency in May 2018 (currently accessible through the Wala mobile application) over 100,000 $DALA wallets have been opened and over 2.5 million $DALA transactions have been processed, says the company. The multi-chain crypto asset – at least right now – uses Ether for the wallet and Stellar for transactions, though it is not locked to any one platform.
Through $DALA protocols (Kopa, Soko and Kazi), consumers have access to borderless, low cost, efficient, and unique financial services enabling them to earn, save, borrow, and transact in a new, decentralized, financial system.
But Wala does not plan to stop there.
Today, Dala, announces it has partnered with a gigawatt-scale solar program for Uganda to create a blockchain-enabled clean energy economy.
Here’s how it’s going to work:
Long-time energy company CleanPath Emerging Markets Uganda (CPEM) is partnering with the Ugandan Government and the Ugandan Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development on the project which will mean Ugandans are able to buy solar energy using $DALA from this massive new infrastructure project.
CPEM will use the DALA blockchain platform to manage its ledger, its vendor contracts, and its partner commitments. The company has over 11,000 MWs of renewable energy experience already under its belt.
The $1.5 billion program aims to create a new clean energy economy in Uganda, not only creating employment and kick-starting a clean energy economy but new economic development in Uganda. Ugandan consumers will be able to buy solar power in $DALA, workers to be paid in $DALA and the program will even run on $DALA.
Tricia Martinez, Wala cofounder and CEO, told me at the recent Pathfounder event in Oslo: “The numbers we’ve seen since the launch of $DALA have been staggering, and a large portion of our current users are Ugandan, so this partnership is a natural next step to allow users the opportunity to further benefit from using $DALA. The high level of user traffic also shows us that Ugandans are ready to use crypto assets in their day-to-day transactions.”
But the story wouldn’t have come about without an enlightened African Prince who could have stepped straight out of the mythical kingdom of Wakanda, as featured in the recent smash hit Black Panther movie.
For the founder of CPEM is Prince Kudra Kalema of the Bugandan Kingdom (a Ugandan royal family), whose ancestry goes back to at least the 14th Century. Buganda is now a kingdom monarchy with a large degree of autonomy from the Ugandan state.
“We’re truly excited about this program and our partnership with Dala”, says Prince Kudra Kalema of the Buganda Kingdom, who is also Managing Partner and Co-Founder at CP-EM. “By providing Ugandans with an opportunity to access clean energy through $DALA, we’re fostering a more inclusive decentralized financial system not possible with legacy technologies.”
In an exclusive interview with TechCrunch, Prince Kalema told me: “My family considers itself to be the custodian of the land, and I have been searching for about a decade to find solutions that would improve the country. But what could we work on when people couldn’t even switch their lights on?”
It became obvious to him that the biggest issue was affordable electricity. And to do it in a renewable way, and it had to be solar. Microgrids turned out not to be the solution. And it had to be at scale.
But the question is, why did he hit on cryptocurrency?
“We began using the $DALA protocol because it became very clear that the financial structure in Uganda was not adequate. It was clear we needed something. There is no way the Uganda Shilling is stable enough for the type of programme we are doing. Wala was already invested in the same country and wasn’t just about the idea of a running a crypto coin in an emerging market, but was also about creating the best type of financial institutions for the country. That goes hand in hand with what we are doing. It became a no-brainer.”
“Ugandans are saying that what we have right now does not work.” — Prince Kudra Kalema
He says the $DALA crypto combined with his solar project will be much easier to run in Uganda than in countries like the US: “Over 80% of Ugandans are under 35, and very well educated. I don’t like the term leap-frogging, but this is what this is. They don’t have to unlearn anything that was there before. They are eager to figure out and learn about a solution that will help them. When you look at how quickly mobile money was adopted by Ugandans — it became powerful not because it was imposed but because people yearned for it. Ugandans are saying that what we have right now does not work. The banking transaction fees, the cost of remittances… — it’s difficult for them to be enthusiastic about something they know doesn’t work already.”
Uganda continues to be a market hungry to adopt new technology, and the recent announcement that Binance is launching a fiat to crypto exchange in the country is a recent example of this.
He added: “Uganda has always been at the forefront of these types of things. Even before we were a protectorate of the British Empire, Uganda was part of the region where people would travel to find out how to deal with things in Africa. We had an intricate tribal system. The British didn’t invade, they made it a protectorate because of this.”
The details of the plan are ambitious. Prince Kalema’s CPEM plans to create a gigawatt-scale solar power development program in Uganda providing clean energy to 25% of the population and creating 200,000 new jobs in the clean energy economy.
The program would more than double the current electricity generation capacity in Uganda (equivalent of about 2 average US coal power plants) where 75% of the UG population has no access to energy.
By using $DALA Ugandans will be able to consume energy at zero transaction fees, use it for everyday purchases, and also convert it back to fiat Ugandan currency via agents/merchants and cryptocurrency exchanges.
It will even allow CPEM and the government of Uganda to make grants of free power available to the poorest, while keeping a completely auditable and tamper-proof record of these grants.
The story of how a small startup came to take African markets by storm begins in 2014.
Initially backed by angel investor and a social-impact VC (Impact Engine) in the US, Tricia Martinez’s Wala (pictured above) joined the Barclays Techstars Accelerator in London in 2016. It later set up shop in Cape Town, South Africa and started growing its team (it’s now at a total of 12 staff).
Not long after, South African VC Newtown Partners invested and Wala then issued the $DALA crypto-asset and set up the Dala foundation. It’s perhaps no coincidence that Newtown is headed-up by Vinny Linghams (of the well-known Civic and ethereum-based, project).
Martinez is passionate that cryptocurrency is going to be the solution emerging markets like Africa have wanted and needed for years: “The fact that the unit of account and store of value for this program is $DALA proves its utility and shows its potential to become a preferred financial system across emerging markets. We’re excited to be involved from the ground-level and look forward to playing our part in creating a just and accessible financial system for consumers.”
She says both the Prince and the Ugandan government “needed a partner that can help drive the financial inclusion to get them into a more efficient digital system. That’s when they heard about us. When we started talking we both saw the opportunity to actually build an entire ecosystem built on a crypto asset.”
“So it’s not just that consumers are buying that energy cryptocurrency, but the workers who are building our energy grids will get paid in it. So they’ve become very passionate about blockchain especially from the energy perspective, to create transparency. Working with the government to create more accountable records of what they’re building out could even reduce the potential for corruption.”
As Martinez points out: “In the hands of over 100,000 users in Uganda, already people are purchasing their electricity needs, products and services. The goal with this project is for people who are getting the energy to be able to then tap into all these other services that we offer. We’re also going to be launching cashing agents so that people can go to those mobile money agents around the corner to cash in and cash out to their wallet.”
It’s clearly a big project. Some observers will see the words ‘Uganda and Cryptocurrency’ in the same sentence and no doubt come out with some kind of trite, dismissive, assessment.
But Wala’s experience on the ground — and it cannot be emphasized enough how important that is, compared to the armchair commentators at most blockchain conferences in the Western world — combined with the hunger of an emerging nation, a passionate Prince and the ingenuity of its people should not be underestimated.
In recent news pertaining to cryptocurrency regulations, industry leaders have urged U.S. lawmakers to provide regulatory clarity or risk a crypto firm exodus, a Greek representative to the European Parliament has advocated for a lightweight cryptocurrency apparatus to avoid stifling innovation across the distributed ledger technologies industries, and the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority has issued a warning regarding purported cryptocurrency company, Alliance Capitals.
Industry Leaders Warn U.S. Lawmakers to Provide Clarity or Risk Crypto Exodus
At a recent regulatory round-table held at Capitol Hill and hosted by congressman Warren Davidson, a number of cryptocurrency industry leaders warned lawmakers that a continued lack of regulatory clarity could lead to an exodus of firms seeking clear legislative guidelines in other jurisdictions.
Kraken co-founder and CEO Jesse Powell emphasized the disadvantaged position U.S.-based cryptocurrency firms and investors are in as a result of the current regulatory ambiguity, stating “Foreign companies are able to outraise their U.S. competitors and often whoever raises the most money is who wins. Not only are U.S. companies not able to raise enough to compete globally, U.S. investors are not able to invest in these global companies.”
Joyce Lai, a lawyer for Consensys, stated: “The competition around the world is real. But there is still time and opportunity for the U.S. to be a leader here.”
Congressman Davidson echoed the call for regulators to work toward providing clarity as quickly as possible, stating: “Legitimate players in the industry have a desire for some sort of certainty so we can prevent and prosecute fraud. I’m confident we can move forward and make this a flourishing market in the U.S. It’s an imperative for us to do, we did it well with the internet.”
Eva Kaili Advocates Minimal Regulation for DLT Industries
Eva Kaili, a member of the European Council representing the Greek Panhellenic Socialist Movement, recently argued in favor of light regulation of the distributed ledger (DLT) industries at last week’s Concordia Summit in New York.
Mrs. Kaili insisted that regulations are a barrier to the speed of innovation that the DLT industries are capable of producing, stating: “One thing that we have in the E.U. and the U.K. — we have too many regulations that can at least delay the innovation. In blockchain, we tend to move very fast.”
“If it’s a fraud, it’s a fraud. If it’s not a fraud but it’s not following the rules, we gotta change the rules […] we don’t have an excuse not to explore the opportunities this technology gives us to solve global problems,” she added.
FINMA Issues Public Warning Regarding Alliance Capitals
Switzerland’s financial regulatory body, the Swiss Financial Market Supervisory Authority (FINMA), has added Alliance Capitals, a firm purporting to offer a number of cryptocurrency services, to its warning list of “companies and individuals who may be carrying out unauthorized services and are not supervised by FINMA.”
Despite claiming to offer a trading platform, binary options, a venture investment fund focused on initial coin offerings, and a mining investment scheme, the services offered are hosted on third-party websites that prompt malicious content warnings.
Do you think that U.S. regulators will soon act to provide clear legislative guidelines for the cryptocurrency and DLT industries? Share your thoughts in the comments section below!
Images courtesy of Shutterstock, Wikipedia, finma.ch,
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An opinion article on why Europe must embrace blockchain
During an interview earlier this week, two Washington-based financial intelligence analysts explain that North Korea is using cryptocurrencies to evade US sanctions. The intelligence researchers Lourdes Miranda, and Ross Delston say the Pyŏngyang region is actively trading established digital assets to avoid US financial sanctions that have been imposed since the fifties.
US Financial Intelligence Analysts: Cryptocurrencies Give North Korea More Ways to Circumvent US Sanctions
According to two financial intelligence analysts based in Washington, North Korea has been participating within the cryptocurrency economy. There are numerous sanctions against the country that are largely attributed to its nuclear weapons program. The United States has imposed financial sanctions against North Korea since 1950 which restricts the country from trading with the US under the Trading with the Enemy Act of 1917. In an interview with the Asia Times, financial researchers Ross Delston and Lourdes Miranda say Pyŏngyang and the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) use cryptocurrencies to skirt these sanctions.
“Cryptocurrencies have the added advantage to the DPRK of giving them more ways to circumvent US sanctions,” Delston and Miranda explain in a joint statement.
The researchers add:
They can do so by using multiple international exchangers, mixing and shifting services – mirroring the money laundering cycle – to exploit international financial institutions that have correspondent banking relationships with the United States.
Breaking Down the Linear Pattern of Transactions With Other Established Blockchains
The intelligence analysts statements follow recent reports alleging that the DPRK obtained 11,000 BTC either through mining or hacking practices in 2017. Further, last year North Korea had also been accused of hacking South Korean cryptocurrency exchanges. Last month, news.Bitcoin.com reported on possible bitcoin mining activity and digital asset exchange developments in DPRK. The Washington analysts Delston and Miranda state that DPRK miners likely “transfer the cryptocurrencies into multiple European wallets that appear to come from legitimate sources.”
“The money laundering can begin by mixing, shifting and exchanging cryptocurrency into US financial institutions,” the two explain during the interview. Moreover, the researchers detail the DPRK also breaks down “the linear pattern of transactions” by converting to ethereum and litecoin.
Delston and Miranda further emphasize:
To obscure the origin of DPRK-mined cryptocurrencies, DPRK could transfer its cryptocurrency from multiple European-based wallets and use multiple mixing services in order to purchase bitcoin – the most popular and legitimate cryptocurrency.
Will Sanctions Increase the Demand for Cryptocurrencies?
There also has been a lot of reports of other sanctioned regions like Iran using cryptocurrencies to bypass global trade laws. Even reports stemming from the Gaza Strip indicating Palestinians may be using digital currencies as well. The statements from the financial intelligence analysts and recent reports of cryptocurrency action in North Korea further solidifies the idea that nation states and their citizens can avoid sanctions using digital assets.
What do you think about North Korea using cryptocurrencies to evade US sanctions? Let us know what you think about this subject in the comment section below.
Images via Shutterstock.
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Blockchain can help refugees get more transparent and generous financial aid, preserve their documents and streamline application processes — with no human mistakes involved
The World Economic Forum has outlined more than 65 blockchain use cases for environmental protection in a recent report
European Central Bank sees no need for an EU-wide digital currency, due to need for further research and growing demand for cash
If you’re reading these words from within the European Union, you may have had to first check a box confirming your consent. Ever since the EU’s GDPR law came into effect, the internet has become a minefield of opt-in forms. With the passing of the controversial Articles 11 and 13 this week, the web looks set to become even more convoluted to European citizens. Throw in the “Right to be forgotten” law, and Europe’s internet looks very different than that of America’s. At times like these, a VPN has never been more essential.
The Changing Face of Europe’s Internet
In the last two months, browsing the web from within the EU has become increasingly tiresome. A barrage of pop-ups and warning notices has turned a once frictionless experience into one that is filled with unnecessary checkpoints and pitstops. Well-meaning data protection legislation in the form of GDPR has had unintended consequences. Presented by an endless stream of compliance notices, European web users have become accustomed to consenting to everything, without even pausing to consider what they are signing up to. There simply aren’t enough hours in the day to do otherwise.
The EU’s “Right to be forgotten” law, which entitles individuals to have search results struck out that are deemed to impinge upon their privacy, already makes the first page of Google look very different from that viewed on the other side of the Atlantic. The passing of Article 13 this week threatens to further distort the web when viewed within the confines of the EU. The copyright directive may be well intentioned, but it is sure to have repercussions for web users.
While billed as the “meme killer”, Article 13’s purpose is ostensibly to filter out copyrighted material such as songs and images that have been uploaded to web platforms. There are pros and cons to this legislation, with exponents fearing that it will lead to censorship and exorbitant compliance costs for smaller websites. Proponents, meanwhile, see the law as balancing the power of Google and Facebook, who profit off the content created by others. Regardless of which side you’re on, this much is undeniable: to continue seeing the same internet as the rest of the world, EU citizens will need to connect from an IP outside of the European Union. Enter the VPN.
How a VPN Works
A Virtual Private Network is a software client that grants you an encrypted connection to the internet via a remote server. To any websites inspecting your IP address, it will appear that you are located elsewhere in the world. With your web traffic appearing to originate from the server you are connected to, third parties will struggle to ascertain your actual geographical location. Connect to a VPN server in Georgia, for example, and you will be treated to the same web content as any US resident of The Peach State, even though you may actually be in Britain or Spain.
There are numerous reasons why an individual might want to use a VPN, with privacy preservation being paramount. While not 100% foolproof, a VPN provides an added layer of protection between you and the internet service you are connecting to. If you are a cryptocurrency user, maximizing your privacy and enhancing your security are likely to already be primary motivators. Using a VPN in this context makes sense. With EU laws creating a non-fungible web, so to speak, which differs from one continent to another, there’s an added incentive to use a private network. The following VPN providers will enable EU residents to access an unfiltered and uncensored internet, with the added bonus of letting you pay with cryptocurrency.
The Best Crypto-Friendly VPN Providers
The number of VPNs that accept cryptocurrency as payment is extensive, and this list is by no means comprehensive. The following providers are all well regarded however. It should be noted that there are no guarantees that a service provider is not retaining logs of your browsing activity. Thus, having access to a VPN should not be seen as a cast-iron safeguard against having your location and identity discovered.
Pure VPN: Access starts from $3.54 per month and payment can be made in BTC, BCH, ETH and many more cryptocurrencies. With servers located in over 180 locations, you should have no trouble in connecting from wherever you want to be in the world.
Nord VPN: Plans commence at $6.99 per month and BTC, ETH, and XRP are accepted. The Swiss-based provider offers over 70 global locations to connect to.
Air VPN: Its UI is less refined than some of its competitors, but Air VPN has a good rep, having accepted BTC since the cryptocurrency’s early days, and its forums provide valuable advice for privacy connoisseurs. Payment can also be made in BCH, LTC, XRP, and ETH.
Express VPN: While a little more expensive than some, at $8.32 per month, Express VPN is easy to set up. It offers 148 locations and accepts BTC.
If you’re tired of having your privacy eroded, websites blocked, and search results filtered, acquiring a VPN is the one of the best things you can do to reclaim your freedom to browse.
What other VPN providers do you recommend? Let us know in the comments section below.
Images courtesy of Shutterstock.
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Privacy-oriented Brave browser has filed complaints in two countries against Google for violating personal data processing regulations